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Y-chromosome impacts hereditary of digestive issues – Times of India

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CALIFORNIA: A study suggests that the Y chromosome may impact the genetic basis of digestive diseases. The Y chromosome is responsible for important biological roles such as sex determination and male fertility.
The complete sequencing of the human Y chromosome is a tremendous step forward in human genetics, opening up new avenues for research into digestive disorders.
This milestone, when combined with developments in third-generation sequencing technologies, has the potential to change our understanding of the genetic underpinnings of digestive issues and pave the way for more personalised and effective treatment regimens.
The Y chromosome, the smallest of the human chromosomes, has long been shrouded in mystery due to its intricate repeating pattern.
Recent improvements in sequencing technologies, on the other hand, have enabled researchers to unearth the precise features of this genetic domain, offering insight into its role in sex determination and its potential impact on a wide range of illnesses, notably those affecting the digestive system.
The findings were published in the journal eGastroenterology.
The completion of the Y chromosome sequence provides a comprehensive resource for detecting genetic variants that may contribute to digestive problems.
This information is crucial for understanding the “missing heritability” problem, where the proportion of disease risk attributable to known genetic factors falls short of what is expected based on heritability estimates.
With their ability to generate long, continuous DNA reads, third-generation sequencing technologies play a pivotal role in deciphering the complex genomic landscapes of digestive diseases.
These technologies enable the detection of structural variations, such as copy number variations and inversions, which were previously inaccessible using older sequencing methods. These structural variations may play a significant role in disease susceptibility and progression.
The combined power of complete Y chromosome sequencing and third-generation sequencing technologies holds immense promise for advancing digestive disease research.
By identifying novel genetic variants and elucidating their functional roles, researchers can better understand the mechanisms underlying digestive disorders and develop more targeted and effective therapies.
In addition to unravelling the genetic basis of digestive diseases, completing the Y chromosome sequence also opens up new opportunities for investigating sex-specific genetic effects.
Sex differences in disease susceptibility and progression are well-documented in many digestive disorders, yet the underlying genetic mechanisms remain largely unknown. With its unique genetic content and expression patterns, the Y chromosome may play a crucial role in these sex disparities.



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